BRICS: a new model of global cooperation (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RBTH)
BRICS has become a solid inter-continental force within the existing system of global governance. There is nothing revolutionary or iconoclastic about it. It has evolved institutionally and intensified interaction among its members and demonstrated the capacity to contribute to the world’s prosperity and security. Its contribution to global GDP now stands at 31% compared with 24% in 2007.
The 8th BRICS Summit in Goa hosted by India in mid-October has reflected the existing high level of intra-BRICS strategic cooperation as well as presented additional opportunities for the genuine BRICS integration. The summit has ensured continuity and has taken into account initiatives that were put forward in Ufa, Russia, in 2015.
The BRICS summit resulted in the adoption of the Goa Declaration and the Action Plan for its implementation, the Provision on the BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee, the Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of the BRICS Agricultural Research Platform and the Memorandum of Understanding between BRICS Diplomatic Academies. This clearly demonstrates that the BRICS countries remain committed to inclusive economic growth, financial stability as well as to shaping a democratic and polycentric world order. The member-states share close positions on current global and regional issues, call for resolute action to fight terrorism and joint efforts to address other common threats and challenges. Nobody dictates to anyone, everything is subject to consensus.
The progress in the economic and financial cooperation is exemplified by the New BRICS Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement having begun their work. The Development Bank has already approved the first five investment projects in the clean energy sector (one project in each member-state). On the agenda – to start working with BRICS national currencies. The roadmap for BRICS investment cooperation is readied for adoption, and we’ll start implementing the 2020 Economic Partnership Strategy.
A global player now, BRICS is actively diversifying its activities by increasing the number of initiatives in industrial cooperation, labour and employment, education, agriculture, dealing with consequences of natural disasters, climate change and global health threats, including AIDS, Ebola, Zika and tuberculosis. In November 2017 Russia will host the High-level Global Conference on Tuberculosis, which will examine steps to fight these and other dangerous epidemics.
BRICS engages in discussions with non-BRICS countries to promote global economic cooperation. On the margins of the summit BRICS leaders met the Heads of delegations of the Bay of the Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC). It have been agreed to “enrich our understanding and engagement” by organizing in the near future an Outreach BRICS – BIMSTEC Summit.
President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Narendra Modi also held very constructive bilateral talks and signed agreements on cooperation in the areas of information and communication, military collaboration, oil and gas, speed railway development, and in deployment of satellite navigation systems, etc.
So, the BIRCS interaction demonstrates much stronger performance as some critics are willing to recognize. BRICS increases its member-states’ global competitiveness, lowers barriers to trade and investment, as well as strengthens their voice in discussion of economic and political agenda. The members are unanimous in the commitment to multilateral diplomacy, the rule of law and the central role of the UN in international affairs.
I’d like to note that BRICS is a direct opposite of the cumbersome entangling alliances of the past. The member-states do not oppose anybody or anything, but join effort in promoting their national interest, defined within the real coordinates of today’s world with issues of development the top item on the agenda. And for Russia it is, among other thing, a major element of our geo-economic pivot to Asia and net-working diplomacy overall.